termitesTermites are small insects that are capable of damaging housing foundations and trees in a matter of days. Termites are most often found in tropical and subtropical regions, because they have soft cuticles that cannot endure cold environments. Termites create mounds under the soil, just like ants. This provides them with a safe passage from one area to another and keeps them from being detected. Believe it or note, there are over 1 million active mounds in the Kruger National Park, which is an African game reserve.

System Of Termites

There are several different classes of termites within one group. The queen termite is the most prominent and can survive up to 50 years, if provided for properly. The king termite is also very dominant, making up the reproductive caste in the colony. The king also sticks around to mate throughout his lifespan, which is unlike the king ant. Of course, the queen’s main responsibility is producing eggs, while the worker termites are responsible for gathering and storing food, foraging, and keeping the nest in maintained. The workers digest cellulose, which is found in plant cell walls.

The solder termites are responsible for guarding and defending the colony. These termites oftentimes have a larger head than the other caste, because their jaws are extremely large.

Subterranean

Within the United States, the most common type of termite is the subterranean. There are a number of species that fit into this category, but they all share a few commonalities. For instance, all of these termites will build colonies underneath the ground. In order to maintain their desired moisture levels, they’ll need to remain in constant contact with the soil. Without constant moisture, the colony of the subterranean termite will perish.

Drywood And Dampwood

The drywood termite is the direct opposite. It will colonize above the ground and doesn’t need access to soil in order to thrive. Nonetheless, all termites absolutely love and crave wood. The dampwood termite will take shelter in decaying and wet wood. These termites crave even more humidity and moisture than the subterranean varieties. Of all three, the dampwood termite is actually the biggest.

Common Entry Points

It should be known that the best termite treatment is good prevention. Generally, most treatments and preventions involve keeping the termites away from the home. This includes sealing up cracks and luring the termites into traps. Common entry points include cracks around the home’s plumbing, expansion joints, hollow block walls, and around the side of foundation walls. Only a tiny crevice of 1/32-inch is needed for the termite to enter. Therefore, you will want to consult with a professional exterminator and use their guidance to setup a good prevention plan with a termite inspection in Houston.